The enlightenment was a great time of change in both Europe and
America.Some of the biggest changes, however, happened in the minds of
many and in the writings of many philosophers.These included some of
the beliefs of David Hume, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and
Francois Voltaire.Writers during this time focused on optimism, which
is the opinion to do everything for the best (Chaney 119), and the best
for these philosophers was to stretch the minds of the ordinary.
David Hume was Scottish and was born on April 26, 1711 and died
in 1776.He states that he was not born into a rich family and was born
into the Calvinist Presbyterian Church.However, after being influenced
by the works of Isaac Newton and John Locke he began to draw back from
the Church.He writes in Enquiry, “The idea of God, as meaning an
infinitely intelligent, wise and good Being, arises from reflecting on
the operations of our own mind, and augmenting, without limit, those
qualities of goodness and wisdom.” (Pomerleau 214)The questions he
brought up against religion were that concrete experiences must lead us
and that we must think about the quality of the stories that were handed
down to us.He wanted everyone to only believe the actions that one
experienced, there has to be proof.He also believed that there were
four basic problems to the stories that we hear.First of all, the
facts to the stories are never the same to everyone.Second, we stretch
the truth to make everything interesting.Third, people who do not
understand these stories tend to make things up. Finally, not all of the
religions agree.Therefore, the stories conflicted each other leaving a
person to not know what to believe.He believes that “Our most holy
religion is founded on Faith, not on reason; and it is a sure method of
exposing it to put it to such a trial as it is, by no means, fitted to
Hume also believed…