1. Discuss political development in Great Britain.
Political development in Great Britain has been stable, where two major political parties have "Smoothly alternated in power and pursued policies of an underlying continuity." The Conservatives place a larger emphasis on the private sector in the economy, and the Labour Party has often been the winner during times of economic downturns, where they struggle to balance the budget and reassure creditors loans will not fall through.
Up until the 80s at least, both parties shared in improving public services, especially education and transportation. Their big differences lay in to join or not to join the Common Market, to protect black immigrants or not, and whether to allow Scotland and Wales local representation. The biggest problem though was still the economy.
Their industry just couldn't keep up with the other industrial nations, and inflation didn't help anything. After World War II, Britain faced problems with weak management, demanding labor unions, poor education, and high costs of welfare and defense – all of which did nothing but add to the country's financial woes. This peak of recession in the 70s affected all the parties.
The Labour Party "bore the brunt of public reaction," because they were in power. The Conservatives, led by Margaret Thatcher, became more powerful and more open to free enterprise. The Labour Party became more divided among themselves, and more leftist.
The Conservatives style of austere government wasn't always popular, but the war in the Falklands helped them gain popularity. However, a third party did spring up, the Social Democrats, and government still "seemed to flounder on old divisions."
2. Discuss the May 1968 upheaval in France.
The upheaval in France was rather surprising, considering the popularity and stability of the Fifth Republic. In the 1965 presidential elections, de Gaulle an…