Ecuador, South America's second smallest country, is regarded as one of the most geographically and ethnically diverse countries on the continent. This culture-rich country is largely uncharted, making it an exciting and adventurous place to visit.Simply learning about this country is a remarkable experience.
Thefirst civilized culture to arrive in Ecuador was the Incas.In 1532, the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro landed on the coast and had gained power over the area within two years.Ecuador received its independence from Spain in the 1820's and became its own country in 1830.Ever since, small rivalries have appeared in the country as well as several border controversies with Peru.In the 1970's, the present constitution was put into effect as well as a new ruling system.Despite a still corrupt political system, the economy began to strengthen.As of January 22, 2000, attempts were being made to replace Ecuadorian sucres with United States dollars.
Ecuador is located in the northwest corner of South America.The equator runs across the country, a fact that gives Ecuador its name.The country is so geographically diverse that the climates can range from 45 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit.Ecuador's land makeup is truly a wonder.
The geography of Ecuador can be split into four regions: the Andes, the Amazon, the Coast, and the Galapagos Islands.The Andes, a mountain range that spans the entire length of South America, runs through the center of Ecuador and consists of one of the world's tallest volcanoes, Cotopaxi.Because of its year round ideal climate, the mountains are popular to travelers at all times of the year.The Amazon is located to the east of the Andes and covers over half the country.Here you will find most of Ecuador's indigenous people.To the west of the Andes is the Coast, which is a three hundred mile stretch of beautiful oceanfront. …